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Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic Mach-Zehnder interferometers and directional coupler switches.

Research paper by Jacek J Gosciniak, Laurent L Markey, Alain A Dereux, Sergey I SI Bozhevolnyi

Indexed on: 20 Oct '12Published on: 20 Oct '12Published in: Nanotechnology



Abstract

We report detailed experimental studies of compact fiber-coupled dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide components-Mach-Zehnder interferometers (MZIs) and directional couplers (DCs)-whose operation at telecom wavelengths is controlled via the thermo-optic effect by electrically heating the gold stripe of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides. The effect of the gaps isolating the heated part of the waveguide from the rest of the structure was examined showing the presence of a Fabry-Pérot cavity in this MZI arm. Wavelength-dependent modulation is demonstrated with MZI-based components, and wavelength dependent low power (∼0.92 mW) rerouting is achieved with DC switches. Furthermore, simulations were performed to confirm the switching characteristics of the components.