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Thermal Excitation of Multi-Photon Dressed States in Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics

Research paper by J. M. Fink, M. Baur, R. Bianchetti, S. Filipp, M. Göppl, P. J. Leek, L. Steffen, A. Blais, A. Wallraff

Indexed on: 19 Nov '09Published on: 19 Nov '09Published in: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect



Abstract

The exceptionally strong coupling realizable between superconducting qubits and photons stored in an on-chip microwave resonator allows for the detailed study of matter-light interactions in the realm of circuit quantum electrodynamics (QED). Here we investigate the resonant interaction between a single transmon-type multilevel artificial atom and weak thermal and coherent fields. We explore up to three photon dressed states of the coupled system in a linear response heterodyne transmission measurement. The results are in good quantitative agreement with a generalized Jaynes-Cummings model. Our data indicates that the role of thermal fields in resonant cavity QED can be studied in detail using superconducting circuits.