Indexed on: 08 Apr '09Published on: 08 Apr '09Published in: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
During the last decade no gastrointestinal tumor underwent such profound modifications in diagnostics and therapy as rectal cancer (total mesorectal excision, multimodal therapy). Despite all efforts and continuous improvements in the results of oncological treatment, local recurrence of rectal carcinoma is still a considerable problem. Optimized surgery methods and multimodal therapies allow a local recurrence rate lowered to about 6%. Without surgical intervention the 5-year survival rate after local recurrence is approximately 4%, and the median survival time in a palliative situation is about 13 months and often associated with considerable restriction of quality of life. Morbidity after complex pelvic surgery is still high, but its mortality rate in highly professional surgical centers has reached an acceptable level of about 6%. Surgical oncology today has the ability for remarkable improvement in the prognosis of locally recurrent rectal cancer. After R0 resection the 5-year survival rate is nearly 30%.