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Theory of space-charge-limited ballistic currents in nanostructures of different dimensionalities

Research paper by M. V. Beznogov, R. A. Suris

Indexed on: 17 Apr '13Published on: 17 Apr '13Published in: Semiconductors



Abstract

A new unified approach to the description of ballistic unipolar-injection currents is proposed for nanostructures of different dimensionalities. It is shown that in the case of three-dimensional (3D), two-dimensional (2D), and one-dimensional (1D) structures the problem can be reduced to a nonlinear integral equation with a dimensionless parameter determining the coefficient of the universal current-voltage characteristic. The existence of a maximum for this parameter, which is analogous to the Bursian limit for a vacuum diode, is proven for each dimensionality. The current-voltage characteristics and the potential and charge distributions are calculated for 3D, 2D, and 1D structures.