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Theoretical Prediction on [5]radialene Sandwich Complexes (CpM)2(C10H10) (Cp = η(5)-C5H5; M = Fe, Co, Ni): Geometry, Spin States, and Bonding.

Research paper by Nan-Nan NN Liu, Ying-Ying YY Xue, Yi-Hong YH Ding

Indexed on: 13 Jan '17Published on: 13 Jan '17Published in: Journal of Physical Chemistry A



Abstract

[5]radialene, the missing link for synthesis of radialene family, has been finally obtained via the preparation and decomplexation of the [5]radialene-bis-Fe(CO)3 complex. The stability of [5]radialene complex benefits from the coordination with Fe(CO)3 by losing free 1,3-butadiene structures to avoid polymerization. In light of the similar coordination ability of half-sandwiches CpM(Cp = η5-C5H5; M = Fe, Co, Ni), there is a great possibility that the sandwiched complexes of [5]radialene with CpM are available. Herein, we present the first theoretical prediction on the geometry, spin states and bonding of (CpM)(C10H10) and (CpM)2(C10H10). For M=Fe, Co, Ni, the ground states of (CpM)(C10H10) and (CpM)2(C10H10) are doublet and triplet, singlet and singlet, doublet and triplet states, where each Fe, Co and Ni adopts 17, 18 and 19 electron-configuration, respectively. In particular, (CpFe)2(C10H10) and (CpNi)2(C10H10) have considerable open-shell singlet features. Generally the trans isomers of (CpM)2(C10H10) with two CpM fragments on the opposite sides of the [5]radialene plane are apparently more stable than the cis ones with CpM fragments on the same side. But for the singlet and triplet isomers of (CpNi)2(C10H10) (both cis and trans isomers), the energy differences are relatively small, indicating that these isomers all have the opportunity to exist. Besides, the easy Diels-Alder (DA) dimerization between the [3]dendralene-like fragments of (CpM)(C10H10) suggests the great difficulty in isolating the (CpM)(C10H10) monomer.