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The X-ray structure of human serum ceruloplasmin at 3.1 Å: nature of the copper centres

Research paper by Irina Zaitseva, Vjacheslav Zaitsev, Graeme Card, Kirill Moshkov, Benjamin Bax, Adam Ralph, Peter Lindley

Indexed on: 01 Feb '96Published on: 01 Feb '96Published in: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry



Abstract

 The X-ray structure of human serum ceruloplasmin has been solved at a resolution of 3.1 Å. The structure reveals that the molecule is comprised of six plastocyanin-type domains arranged in a triangular array. There are six copper atoms; three form a trinuclear cluster sited at the interface of domains 1 and 6, and there are three mononuclear sites in domains 2, 4 and 6. Each of the mononuclear coppers is coordinated to a cysteine and two histidine residues, and those in domains 4 and 6 also coordinate to a methionine residue; in domain 2, the methionine is replaced by a leucine residue which may form van der Waals type contacts with the copper. The trinuclear centre and the mononuclear copper in domain 6 form a cluster essentially the same as that found in ascorbate oxidase, strongly suggesting an oxidase role for ceruloplasmin in the plasma.