Indexed on: 03 Feb '05Published on: 03 Feb '05Published in: Cellular Signalling
Signalling of interleukin (IL)-6 and interleukin-11 through gp130 homodimeric receptor complexes has been analysed with respect to initiation and termination of signalling in great detail. Gp130 contains a crucial motif around tyrosine Y759, which mediates negative regulation through the feedback inhibitor SOCS3 and the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2. Signalling of leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), CT-1-like factor (CLC) or oncostatin M (OSM) through gp130/LIF-R is believed to be similar due to the presence of the common signal transducer gp130 within the receptor complexes utilized, but the difference in the composition of gp130/gp130-homodimers and gp130/LIF-R-heterodimers is likely to be reflected in different signalling. Here, we analysed the contribution of the LIF-R within the gp130/LIF-R complex to negative regulation mediated by SHP2 and SOCS3. We show that SHP2 contributes to the negative regulation of signalling through gp130/LIF-R complexes. The inhibitory tyrosine motifs within the cytoplasmic parts of gp130 and the LIF-R act independently. Whereas SHP2 and SOCS3 bind directly to the inhibitory motif of gp130, only SHP2 was found to bind to the corresponding inhibitory sequence of the LIF-R. This observation was further corroborated by experiments indicating that mainly gp130 contributes to the inhibition of signalling by SOCS3.