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The tumor suppressor role of miR-124 in osteosarcoma.

Research paper by Shuo S Geng, Xiaojun X Zhang, Jie J Chen, Xing X Liu, Hepeng H Zhang, Xiaoyan X Xu, Yan Y Ma, Baoxin B Li, Yunqi Y Zhang, Zhenggang Z Bi, Chenglin C Yang

Indexed on: 28 Jun '14Published on: 28 Jun '14Published in: PloS one



Abstract

MicroRNAs have crucial roles in development and progression of human cancers, including osteosarcoma. Recent studies have shown that miR-124 was down-regulated in many cancers; however, the role of miR-124 in osteosarcoma development is unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that expression of miR-124 is significantly downregulated in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, compared to the adjacent tissues. The expression of miR-124 in the metastases osteosarcoma tissues was lower than that in non- metastases tissues. We identified and confirmed Rac1 as a novel, direct target of miR-124 using prediction algorithms and luciferase reporter gene assays. Overexpression of miR-124 suppressed Rac1 protein expression and attenuated cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and induced apoptosis in MG-63 and U2OS in vitro. Moreover, overexpression of Rac1 in miR-124-transfected osteosarcoma cells effectively rescued the inhibition of cell invasion caused by miR-124. Therefore, our results demonstrate that miR-124 is a tumor suppressor miRNA and suggest that this miRNA could be a potential target for the treatment of osteosarcoma in future.