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The transmural migration and release of blood cells in acute myelogenous leukemia.

Research paper by P P PP Bruyn, R P RP Becker, S S Michelson

Indexed on: 01 Jun '77Published on: 01 Jun '77Published in: The American journal of anatomy



Abstract

The transmural passage of malignant blood cells from the extravascular parenchyma into sinusoidal lumen has been studied in the bone marrow of rats with myelogenous leukemia. The Shay myelogenous leukemia was chosen as a model system because an increased bone marrow cellularity is, in this leukemia, usually accompanied by an increase in circulating myeloid cells. By means of light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) it was found that the sinusoidal endothelial lining of the bone marrow remains intact and continuous even in advanced stages of the disease. SEM shows that the malignant myeloblast-like cell enters the sinusoidal lumen by means of a temporary migration pore, which appears only during the transmural passage of the cell. Certain nondegenerative changes in the sinusoidal blood vessels are associated with the myelogenous leukemia. The normal radial alignment of sinusoids about the central sinusoid is changed into a tortuous pattern, and intraluminal cytoplasmic bridges which impede the blood flow are formed by the endothelial cells.