Indexed on: 28 Mar '11Published on: 28 Mar '11Published in: Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B
The kinetics and products of the thermal decomposition of hexamethylenetetraammonium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate in air, argon, and a vacuum were studied using thermogravimetry, volumetry, mass spectrometry, and IR spectroscopy. According to the nonisothermal kinetic data, noticeable rates of the formation of volatile products were observed at temperatures higher than 150°C. The thermal decomposition of the salt occurred in stages. At 160–200°C, the thermal decomposition of hexamethylenetetraammonium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate could not be described by simple kinetic equations. The dependence of the initial reaction rates on inverse temperature (lnV0−1/K) was linear, which showed that the thermal decomposition of the salt obeyed the Arrhenius equation V0 = 109.4 ± 0.6exp[(−20500 ± 1800)/RT], %/min. The obtained temperature dependences of the kinetic parameters of thermolysis were used to predict the time of salt storage and the conditions of work with it. A comparison of the kinetics of the thermolysis of hexamethylenetetraammonium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate and free hexamethylenetetraamine in open and closed reaction systems showed that the thermolysis of hexamethylenetetraammonium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate was not accompanied by salt dissociation to hexamethylenetetraamine and dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate acid. The products of its thermolysis volatile under normal conditions were trimethylamine with a small admixture of nitrogen. The solid residue after thermolysis was a high-porosity insoluble product, whose volume was 6–8 times larger than the volume of the initial sample. An analysis of the IR spectra of the solid thermolysis product showed that it had a well-defined salt character. The special features of the IR spectra of initial hexamethylenetetraammonium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate and the product of its thermolysis led us to suggest that an acid-base equilibrium of the type [R3N-H+] + A ↔ [R3N… H+…A] occurred in it and, probably, in the initial salt. Here, R3N is the tertiary amino group, and A is the borohydride acid residue. Indications of amorphization allowed us to suggest that polymer structures were formed as a result of intramolecular interaction between the borohydride anion and onium cation.