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[The terror from the outside--child survivors of the Spiegelgrund traumatic experiences in childhood and their effects].

Research paper by Elisabeth E Brainin, Samy S Teicher

Indexed on: 17 Nov '09Published on: 17 Nov '09Published in: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie



Abstract

Survivors of the Spiegelgrund (children's euthanasia programme in Vienna during National-Socialism) were interviewed. Psychoanalytical interviews were discussed in an interdisciplinary study group. The overcoming and dealing with the terrible past during childhood were discussed as well as the reactions to the interviews of the members of the study group. The theoretical frame was Anna Freud's work on child survivors of the Theresienstadt concentration camp: "An Experiment in Group Upbringing": Different factors for the survival and the working through afterwards are discussed as well as the different psychoanalytical trauma concepts. The concept of Resilience is critically discussed. The former experiences of the children in institutions of the social administration in Austria differ from the experiences of Jewish child survivors. Object relations and libidinal attachment is described. It is mainly conscious material which is interpreted in the group.