The simple exclusion process on finite connected graphs

Research paper by Shiba Biswal, Nicolas Lanchier

Indexed on: 06 Jun '19Published on: 04 Jun '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Probability


Consider a system of $K$ particles moving on the vertex set of a finite connected graph with at most one particle per vertex. If there is one, the particle at $x$ chooses one of the $\hbox{deg} (x)$ neighbors of its location uniformly at random at rate $\rho_x$, and jumps to that vertex if and only if it is empty. Using standard probability techniques, we identify the set of invariant measures of this process to study the occupation time at each vertex. Our main result shows that, though the occupation time at vertex $x$ increases with $\hbox{deg} (x) / \rho_x$, the ratio of the occupation times at two different vertices converges monotonically to one as the number of particles increases to the number of vertices. The occupation times are also computed explicitly for simple examples of finite connected graphs: the star and the path.