Quantcast

The semigroup of monotone co-finite partial homeomorphisms of the real line

Research paper by Oleg Gutik, Kateryna Melnyk

Indexed on: 16 Apr '19Published on: 14 Apr '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Group Theory



Abstract

In the paper we investigate the semigroup of monotone co-finite partial homeomorphisms of the space of the usual real line $\mathbb{R}$. We prove that the inverse semigroup $\mathscr{P\!\!H}^+_{\!\!\operatorname{\textsf{cf}}}\!(\mathbb{R})$ is factorizable and $F$-inverse. We describe the structure of the band of the semigroup $\mathscr{P\!\!H}^+_{\!\!\operatorname{\textsf{cf}}}\!(\mathbb{R})$, its two-sided ideals, maximal subgroups and Green's relations. We prove that the quotient semigroup $\mathscr{P\!\!H}^+_{\!\!\operatorname{\textsf{cf}}}\!(\mathbb{R})/\mathfrak{C}_{\textsf{mg}}$, where $\mathfrak{C}_{\textsf{mg}}$ is the maximum group congruence on $\mathscr{P\!\!H}^+_{\!\!\operatorname{\textsf{cf}}}\!(\mathbb{R})/\mathfrak{C}_{\textsf{mg}}$, is isomorphic to the group of all oriental homeomorphisms of the space $\mathbb{R}$, and showe that the semigroup $\mathscr{P\!\!H}^+_{\!\!\operatorname{\textsf{cf}}}\!(\mathbb{R})$ is isomorphic to a semidirect product $\mathscr{H}^+\!(\mathbb{R})\ltimes_\mathfrak{h}\mathscr{P}_{\!\infty}(\mathbb{R})$ of the free semilattice with unit $(\mathscr{P}_{\!\infty}(\mathbb{R}),\cup)$ by the group $\mathscr{H}^+\!(\mathbb{R})$.