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The role of smoking status on the progression-free survival of non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations receiving first-line EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor versus platinum doublet chemotherapy: a meta-analysis of prospective randomized trials.

Research paper by Yoshikazu Y Hasegawa, Masahiko M Ando, Makoto M Maemondo, Satomi S Yamamoto, Shun-Ichi S Isa, Hideo H Saka, Akihito A Kubo, Tomoya T Kawaguchi, Minoru M Takada, Rafael R Rosell, Takayasu T Kurata, Sai-Hong Ignatius SH Ou

Indexed on: 07 Feb '15Published on: 07 Feb '15Published in: The oncologist



Abstract

Univariate analyses from several randomized phase III trials seemed to suggest ever-smokers with advanced mutated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRm) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) did not seem to benefit from EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as first-line treatment when compared with platinum-doublet chemotherapy as measured by progression-free survival (PFS).A literature-based meta-analysis of PFS outcomes as measured by log-transformed pooled hazard ratio (HR) was performed using a random-effect model. Pooled HRs for smoking status, age, gender, ethnicity, type of EGFR mutation, and EGFR TKI were obtained. Comparison of the pooled HR was performed by metaregression analysis.Among the 1,649 EGFRm NSCLC patients analyzed from 7 prospective randomized trials (WJTOG3405, NEJ002, EURTAC, OPTIMAL, LUX Lung-3, LUX Lung-6, and ENSURE), 83.7% were Asians, and 30.0% were ever-smokers. An equal percentage of ever-smokers received doublet chemotherapy (30.2%) or EGFR TKI (30.0%). The pooled HR for PFS was 0.29 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.21-0.39) for never-smokers and 0.54 (95% CI: 0.38-0.76) for ever-smokers (p < .007 by metaregression). The pooled PFS HR for exon 19 deletion was 0.25 (95% CI: 0.19-0.31) and 0.44 for exon 21 substitution (95% CI: 0.34-0.57) (p < .001 by metaregression analysis). The pooled PFS HR was 0.33 (95% CI: 0.24-0.46) for Asians and 0.48 for non-Asians (95% CI: 0.28-0.84) (p = .261 by metaregression analysis).EGFRm NSCLC patients derived significant PFS benefit from TKI over platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment regardless of smoking status; however, PFS benefit is significantly better in never-smokers by metaregression analysis.

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