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The Role of Age, Gender, Education, and Intelligence in P50, N100, and P200 Auditory Sensory Gating.

Research paper by Marijn M Lijffijt, F Gerard FG Moeller, Nash N NN Boutros, Scott S Burroughs, Scott D SD Lane, Joel L JL Steinberg, Alan C AC Swann

Indexed on: 01 Jan '09Published on: 01 Jan '09Published in: Journal of psychophysiology



Abstract

P50, N100, and P200 auditory sensory gating reflect distinct mechanisms involved in protecting the integrity of higher-order functions. They have been implicated in multiple psychiatric disorders. Recent studies showed the (limited) effects of age and gender on sensory gating in control subjects, suggesting there may be other sources of variance. Two potential sources may be education and intelligence (intellectual capability), variables that frequently differ across studies and across experimental groups. We explored potential effects of age, gender, education, and intelligence (Shipley intelligence scale) on P50, N100, and P200 sensory gating measured with the paired-click paradigm in 60 healthy subjects recruited from the general population. Increased intellectual capability related to stronger N100 and P200 gating and more pronounced N100 and P200 amplitudes. In addition, increased age related to weaker P200 gating and smaller P200 amplitudes. Gender had negligible effects. Intellectual capability or age could contribute to variation in N100 or P200 auditory sensory gating and should be controlled for when studying sensory gating in clinical and control groups.