Indexed on: 07 Oct '20Published on: 07 Oct '20Published in: Radiation research
An automated platform for cytogenetic biodosimetry, the "Rapid Automated Biodosimetry Tool II (RABiT-II)," adapts the dicentric chromosome assay (DCA) for high-throughput mass-screening of the population after a large-scale radiological event. To validate this test, the U.S. Federal Drug Administration (FDA) recommends demonstrating that the high-throughput biodosimetric assay in question correctly reports the dose in an in vivo model. Here we describe the use of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) to augment human studies and validate the accuracy of the high-throughput version of the DCA. To perform analysis, we developed the 17/22-mer peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes that bind to the rhesus macaque's centromeres. To our knowledge, these are the first custom PNA probes with high specificity that can be used for chromosome analysis in M. mulatta. The accuracy of fully-automated chromosome analysis was improved by optimizing a low-temperature telomere PNA FISH staining in multiwell plates and adding the telomere detection feature to our custom chromosome detection software, FluorQuantDic V4. The dicentric frequencies estimated from in vitro irradiated rhesus macaque samples were compared to human blood samples of individuals subjected to the same ex vivo irradiation conditions. The results of the RABiT-II DCA analysis suggest that, in the lymphocyte system, the dose responses to gamma radiation in the rhesus macaques were similar to those in humans, with small but statistically significant differences between these two model systems. ©2020 by Radiation Research Society.