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The protective effects of total saponins from Ornithogalum saundersiae (Liliaceae) on acute hepatic failure induced by lipopolysaccharide and D-galactosamine in mice.

Research paper by Ying-Wan, Yan-Ling YL Wu, Xiao-Chun XC Feng, Li-Hua LH Lian, Ying-Zi YZ Jiang, Ji-Xing JX Nan

Indexed on: 18 Aug '10Published on: 18 Aug '10Published in: Journal of Ethnopharmacology



Abstract

This study examined the protective effects of total saponins from Ornithogalum saundersiae (Liliaceae) on D-galactosamine (D-GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fulminant hepatic failure.Total saponins of Ornithogalum saundersiae (Liliaceae) (OC) were prepared with ethyl alcohol extract from bulbs of the plant. Mice were given an intraperitoneal injection of D-GalN (700 mg/kg)/LPS (10 μg/kg). OC (100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg) was administered orally for 3 days continuously, and at the last day at 1 h before the D-GalN/LPS injection. Mice were sacrificed at 8 h after the D-GalN/LPS injection. The liver injury was assessed biochemically, investigating aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH) activities, and the expressions of caspase-3 and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) as well. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) content was measured after D-GalN/LPS induced 1 h by ELISA assay. The survival rates after application of OC in 24 h also were observed.D-GalN/LPS increased the serum aminotransferase levels and lipid peroxidation, while decreased the reduced glutathione level. The pretreatment with OC attenuated these changes in a dose-dependent manner. Elevation of TNF-α level and activation of caspase-3, HIF-1α were observed in the D-GalN/LPS group, which was attenuated by OC. The survival rate of the OC groups was significantly higher than that of the D-GalN/LPS group.Protection afforded by OC against D-GalN/LPS-induced fulminant hepatic failure is the result of reduced oxidative stress, inhibited expression of caspase-3, HIF-1α, and anti-apoptotic activity.