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The oxidation of indole-3-acetic acid by supernatants of homogenates of barley leaves infected with powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis DC.) and by extracts from the surface of barley roots

Research paper by J. Benada, H. Klusák

Indexed on: 21 Jun '08Published on: 21 Jun '08Published in: Biologia Plantarum



Abstract

The supernatants obtained after the centrifugation of the homogenates of healthy barley leaves and the extracts from the surface of barley roots can enzymatically oxidize exogenously supplied IAA in the presence of Mn2+ ions and 2,4-dichlorophenol. On the contrary, IAA oxidation is strongly inhibited or does not occur at all in the supernatants from the leaves infected with powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis DC.) and in the extracts from the surface of both healthy and diseased leaves. The supernatants from diseased leaves inhibit IAA oxidation proportionally to the amount of the added supernatant. That indicates that natural inhibitors formed in the course of infection are present. In the case of the roots, the enzyme obviously penetrates to the surface of the organ. The presence of the enzyme on the surface of the leaves could not be proved either for its low concentration or owing to the presence of the above-mentioned inhibitors.