The oral administration of silver nanoparticles activates the kynurenine pathway in rat brain independently of oxidative stress.

Research paper by Oluyomi Stephen OS Adeyemi, Rhoda Ananu RA Uloko, Oluwakemi Josephine OJ Awakan, Anne Adebukola AA Adeyanju, David Adeiza DA Otohinoyi

Indexed on: 02 Feb '19Published on: 02 Feb '19Published in: Chemico-Biological Interactions


In this work, we determined whether oxidative stress contributed to the activation of the kynurenine pathway by AgNPs. Male Wistar rats weighing between 130 and 146 g were randomly assigned into six groups. Animals in the negative control group were orally administered distilled water while, the other treatment groups were respectively given AgNPs (25 and 50 mg/kg bw) alone or in combination with Trolox (100 mg/kg bw). Results showed that treatments with AgNPs significantly raised protein carbonyl level in rat liver, but the co-treatment with Trolox attenuated the elevation. Conversely, AgNPs raised the level of reduced glutathione (GSH) in rat plasma and tissues compared to the negative control. Further, oral exposure to AgNPs (50 mg/kg bw) significantly elevated rat plasma and brain kynurenine levels compared to the negative control. Meantime, the co-treatment with Trolox appreciably restored kynurenine level in rat plasma, but not in the rat brain. Taken together, findings indicate that the oral administration of AgNPs alone at the doses used in this study, might not have caused oxidative stress. However, the co-treatment with Trolox appears to potentiate oxidative stress in rats following exposure to AgNPs. Furthermore, data support that the activation of the kynurenine pathway in the rat brain by AgNPs might be independent of oxidative stress. The findings are new and contribute to deepen our understanding of the cellular interaction by nanoparticles. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.