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The Neoproterozoic-early Paleozoic evolution of the Jiamusi Block, NE China and its East Gondwana connection: Geochemical and zircon U–Pb–Hf isotopic constraints from the Mashan Complex

Research paper by Hao Yang, Wen-chun Ge; Jun-hui Bi; Zhi-hui Wang; De-xin Tian; Yu Dong; Hui-Jun Chen

Indexed on: 23 Nov '17Published on: 10 Nov '17Published in: Gondwana Research



Abstract

Publication date: February 2018 Source:Gondwana Research, Volume 54 Author(s): Hao Yang, Wen-chun Ge, Jun-hui Bi, Zhi-hui Wang, De-xin Tian, Yu Dong, Hui-Jun Chen The Jiamusi Block is located in the easternmost Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) and its tectonic affinity and evolution is highly controversial. Here we describe newly discovered Neoproterozoic orthogneisses and early Paleozoic granitoids of the Mashan Complex from the Jiamusi Block. SIMS U-Pb dating for zircons from three high-grade orthogneisses yields protolith and metamorphic ages ranging from 757 to 751Ma and from 530 to 476Ma, respectively. LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dates for zircons from four gneissic granitoids define two stages of early Paleozoic magmatism (i.e., 530–502Ma, and 490–476Ma). These new data, together with recent published ages, indicate that the basement rocks of the Jiamusi Block record an important Neoproterozoic-early Paleozoic magmatic (ca. 895–476Ma) and metamorphic (ca. 563–476) event, and we accordingly infer that the granulite facies metamorphism might have occurred before 541–476Ma, and around 567–561Ma. Geochemical and zircon Hf isotopic data suggest that the ca. 752Ma rift-related gneisses were derived from dominantly juvenile crustal rocks with both the heat and material involvement of a depleted asthenosphere mantle at relatively low pressures, which then underwent an ancient wall-rock assimilation, whereas the ca. 490–476Ma post-collisional granitoids originated from reworking of an ancient crustal source and subsequently experienced intensive crystal fractionation. The good correlation on the ca. 755–115Ma geological events between the Jiamusi and Khanka blocks suggests they formed a contiguous crustal unit. The existing data indicate that this combined block cannot be directly derived from the Siberia, North China, South China, and Tarim cratons. Instead, it might be either a rifted portion of the Sayang-Baikal orogen or derived from a peri-Gondwana position. We evaluate the model that the Jiamusi-Khanka Block may have originated as part of the Late Neoproterozoic-Cambrian Kuunga orogen trapped between South India and East Antarctica-Australia. Sometime after ca. 470Ma, it rifted away from East Gondwana and drifted northward to collide with the Songliao Block of NE China in the Early Jurassic. Graphical abstract