The morphology and treatment of coexisting ureteropelvic junction obstruction in lower moiety of duplex kidney.

Research paper by Wei W Liu, Liujuan L Zhang, Rui R Ma, Rongde R Wu

Indexed on: 23 Aug '16Published on: 23 Aug '16Published in: International Journal of Surgery


Duplex kidney is a common congenital anomaly of the urinary tract, while ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in lower unit of duplex kidney is rare. Surgical treatment can be challenging in such cases. The aim was to report our experience in managements of UPJO in lower moiety of duplex kidney.Among the pediatric patients with duplex system from 2007-2013, 7 children were diagnosed with UPJO in lower moiety. Their medical records were retrospectively analyzed, mainly focused on anatomic aspects and operation details.The lower pole UPJO associated with incomplete duplex systems were identified in 6 patients on the left side and 1 on the right side. Median patient age at surgery was 11 months (range 6-84 months). Prenatal hydronephrosis was detected in 4 patients, and 3 had intermittent abdominal pain. Hydronephrosis, thin parenchyma and presence of UPJO in lower moiety could be shown on computed tomography urogram (CTU). The ureters were fused in a "Y" shape without any dilation. Based on the length between UPJO to the confluence in retrograde ureteropyelography, patients were classified into group 1 (5 cases,≤3cm) and group 2 (2 cases, >3cm). In group 1, surgical procedure involved end-to-side pyeloureterostomy of the lower pelvis to the ureteral confluence in 4 cases and laparoscopic pyeloureterostomy in one case. The two patients in group 2 underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty of lower moiety. In all of these patients hydronephrosis gradually improved and no complications were detected during follow-up.UPJO in a duplex kidney requires careful evaluation and treatment should be individualized. Ureteropyeloanastomosis is a feasible treatment for duplex kidneys associated to a functioning lower moiety with UPJO. With the technical improvements in laparoscopic pyeloplasty, this procedure can be performed using laparoscopy.