The Molybdenum(V) and Tungsten(VI) Oxoazides [MoO(N3)3], [MoO(N3)3⋅2 CH3CN], [(bipy)MoO(N3)3], [MoO(N3)5]2−, [WO(N3)4], and [WO(N3)4⋅CH3CN]

Research paper by Prof. Dr. Ralf Haiges, Juri Skotnitzki, Zongtang Fang, Prof. Dr. David A. Dixon, Prof. Dr. Karl O. Christe

Indexed on: 04 Nov '15Published on: 02 Nov '15Published in: Angewandte Chemie International Edition


A series of novel molybdenum(V) and tungsten(VI) oxoazides was prepared starting from [MOF4] (M=Mo, W) and Me3SiN3. While [WO(N3)4] was formed through fluoride–azide exchange in the reaction of Me3SiN3 with WOF4 in SO2 solution, the reaction with MoOF4 resulted in a reduction of MoVI to MoV and formation of [MoO(N3)3]. Carried out in acetonitrile solution, these reactions resulted in the isolation of the corresponding adducts [MoO(N3)3⋅2 CH3CN] and [WO(N3)4⋅CH3CN]. Subsequent reactions of [MoO(N3)3] with 2,2′‐bipyridine and [PPh4][N3] resulted in the formation and isolation of [(bipy)MoO(N3)3] and [PPh4]2[MoO(N3)5], respectively. Most molybdenum(V) and tungsten(VI) oxoazides were fully characterized by their vibrational spectra, impact, friction and thermal sensitivity data and, in the case of [WO(N3)4⋅CH3CN], [(bipy)MoO(N3)3], and [PPh4]2[MoO(N3)5], by their X‐ray crystal structures.