[The Medical Social Characteristics of Women with Oncologic Diseases].

Research paper by G V GV Sych, V P VP Kosolapov, O N ON Choporov, R E RE Dzhavahadze

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Problemy sotsial'noi gigieny, zdravookhraneniia i istorii meditsiny / NII sotsial'noi gigieny, ekonomiki i upravleniia zdravookhraneniem im. N.A. Semashko RAMN ; AO "Assotsiatsiia 'Meditsinskaia literatura'."


The oncologic pathology is covered by the group of socially significant diseases and ranks second position in the structure of population mortality in the Russian Federation, being one of the actual medical social problems of modern society. In the Russian Federation and all over the world, over last years, a steady rise of morbidity of malignant neoplasms is observed. At that, it is more intensive among female population. Both medical biological and social hygienic risk factors play a significant role in the development of these diseases. In this connection, significant interest represents study of individual medical social characteristics of females with oncologic pathology and their impact on health of this contingent and on development of disease itself. The medical social study, based on the developed program, covered 607 females with oncologic diseases and 605 females without this pathology (control group). The computer database was organized. To provide a possibility of in-death statistical processing of data, all qualitative indices were converted into number form using technology based on the expert appraisal. The technique of mathematical statistics was applied to analyze relationship of medical social characteristics. The functional dependences were built. The key risk factors were detected. The regression analysis was applied to develop mathematical models describing relationship between health of patients and their leaving on disability status and individual medical social risk factors. The testing confirmed efficiency of the developed models. The results of applied analysis and the developed prognostic models are proposed to be applied within the framework of stage-by-stage dispensary observation and control of health of females with oncologic diseases with the purpose of prevention at early stages and in case of complications of main and concomitant diseases.

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