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The mechanistic study of the hydroxyl radical reaction with trans-2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine.

Research paper by Wanqiao W Zhang, Xiaodi X Guo, Yunju Y Zhang, Fang F Wang, Haijie H Shi, Jingping J Zhang, Rongshun R Wang, Shuwei S Tang, Haitao H Wang, Hao H Sun

Indexed on: 11 Jul '14Published on: 11 Jul '14Published in: Journal of Molecular Modeling



Abstract

The trans-2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (Lewisite) was produced and handled during WWI and WWII as chemical warfare agents. It was very difficult to explore its chemical characterization by experiments ways. The quantum chemical calculations proved to be a precise and harmless method for the toxicological system. In this paper, the gas phase reaction mechanisms of OH radical with trans-2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (lewisite) were studied by second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) method. The geometries of reactants, products, complexes, and transition states were optimized at the MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level. To gain more accurate mechanistic knowledge, the single-point energies were calculated using G3 and CCSD(T) method. This reaction exhibited three mechanisms, namely, direct hydrogen abstraction, direct chlorine abstraction, and addition/elimination. Multichannel Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory and transition-state theory have been carried out for overall and individual rate constants over a wide range of temperatures and pressures. The computational results indicated that addition/elimination reaction is more favorable than direct hydrogen abstraction and direct chlorine abstraction. The major products for the total reaction are AsCl2 and CHClCH2O generated via C(2)-addition/elimination.