The mechanism of antimony(III) removal and its reactions on the surfaces of Fe-Mn binary oxide.

Research paper by Wei W Xu, Hongjie H Wang, Ruiping R Liu, Xu X Zhao, Jiuhui J Qu

Indexed on: 16 Aug '11Published on: 16 Aug '11Published in: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science


Antimony is a regulated pollutant to be well controlled. This study compared the removal capability and mechanisms involved in the removal of Sb(III) by Fe-Mn Binary Oxide (FMBO), ferric hydroxide (FeOOH), and manganese dioxide (MnO(2)). FMBO shows a maximum Sb removal capacity of 1.76 mmol/g and was much higher than that of both FeOOH (0.83 mmol/g) and MnO(2) (0.81 mmol/g). Characterization techniques of FTIR and XPS indicated the different variation trends of functional groups, surface elemental composition, and chemical valence of Fe, Mn, and Sb after the adsorption of Sb(III) on these three adsorbents. As for FMBO, results indicated that the manganese oxide dominated in oxidation of Sb(III) to Sb(V) whereas the iron oxide adsorbed the Sb(III) and Sb(V). The oxidation and sorption mechanism was proposed to involve in the removal of Sb(III) by FMBO. FMBO may be promisingly used to remove Sb from drinking water and wastewater.