Indexed on: 31 Jul '07Published on: 31 Jul '07Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
The control of the stem cell compartment in epidermis is closely linked to the regulation of keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation. Beta1 integrins are expressed 2-fold higher by stem cells than transit-amplifying cells. Signaling from these beta1 integrins is critical for the regulation of the epidermal stem cell compartment. To clarify the functional relevance of this differential expression of beta1 integrins, we established HaCaT cells with high beta1 integrin expression by repeated flow cytometric sorting of this population from the parental cell line. In these obtained cells expressing beta1 integrins by 5-fold, MAPK activation was markedly increased. Regarding the upstream of MAPK, Gab1 phosphorylation was also higher with high beta1 integrin expression, while Shc phosphorylation was not altered. In addition, enhanced phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activation was also observed. These observations suggest that Gab1 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase play pivotal roles in the beta1 integrin-mediated regulation of the epidermal stem cell compartment.