The Interaction of Alkylglycosides with Other Surfactants.

Research paper by Milton J. MJ Rosen, Shireen B. SB Sulthana

Indexed on: 28 Jun '01Published on: 28 Jun '01Published in: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science


The interaction of n-decyl-beta-maltoside (C(10)M), n-decyl-beta-glucoside (C(10)G), n-dodecyl-beta-maltoside (C(12)M), 1:1 (molar) C(10)M/C(10)G mixtures, and 2:1 (molar) C(12)M/n-dodecyl-beta-glucoside (C(12)G) mixtures with anionic, cationic, nonionic, and zwitterionic surfactants has been investigated. The non-glycosidic surfactants used were the the anionic surfactant sodium dodecylethoxy sulfate (C(12)ESNa), the cationic surfactants decyl trimethylammonium bromide (C(10)TMAB), dodecyl trimethylammonium chloride (C(12)TMAC), and tetradecylammonium bromide (C(14)TMAB), the nonionic surfactant dodecyl hexaethoxyethanol (C(12)EO(7)), and the zwitterionic surfactant dodecyl-N-benzyl-N-methylglycine (C(12)BMG). The surface properties of the surfactants, critical micelle concentration (CMC), effectiveness of surface tension reduction (gamma(CMC)), efficiency of surface tension reduction (pC(20)), maximum surface excess concentration (Gamma(max)), minimum area per molecule at the air/solution interface (A(min)), and the CMC/C(20) ratio, were determined for both the individual surfactants and their mixtures. The glucosides and maltosides show no significant interaction with each other or with the nonionic surfactant C(12)EO(7). The maltosides interact weakly with the cationic, anionic, and zwitterionic surfactants. The glucosides interact somewhat more strongly with the same surfactants. Interaction is even stronger when glucoside/maltoside mixtures are interacted with the non-glycosidic surfactant. As a result, synergism is most prone to be found in systems containing the non-glycosidic surfactant and glucoside/maltoside mixture. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.