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The impact of servant leadership dimensions on leader-member exchange among health care professionals.

Research paper by Jan Johansson JJ Hanse, Ulrika U Harlin, Caroline C Jarebrant, Kerstin K Ulin, Jörgen J Winkel

Indexed on: 17 Apr '15Published on: 17 Apr '15Published in: Journal of Nursing Management



Abstract

The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of servant leadership dimensions on leader-member exchange (LMX) among health-care professionals.Leadership support and the quality of the dyadic relationship between the leader and the employee are essential regarding the work environment and turnover intentions in health care.A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was undertaken at four hospital units in Sweden. The study sample included 240 employees.Significant bivariate correlations were found between all servant leadership dimensions and LMX. The strongest correlations were found between 'humility' and LMX (r = 0.69, P < 0.001), and 'empowerment' and LMX (r = 0.67, P < 0.001). The hierarchical regression analyses indicated that 'empowerment', 'humility' and 'stewardship' explained about 55% of the variance in LMX.In our study servant leadership dimensions were strongly related to LMX.The results identify specific servant leadership dimensions that are likely to be useful for developing a stronger exchange relationship between the leader (e.g. nursing manager) and individual subordinates in health care.