The impact of irrigating fluid absorption on blood coagulation in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate: A prospective observational study using rotational thromboelastometry.

Research paper by Hyun-Jung HJ Shin, Hyo-Seok HS Na, Young-Tae YT Jeon, Hee-Pyoung HP Park, Sun-Woo SW Nam, Jung-Won JW Hwang

Indexed on: 13 Jan '17Published on: 13 Jan '17Published in: Medicine


Although endoscopic transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a well-established procedure as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia, its complications remain a concern. Among these, coagulopathy may be caused by the absorption of irrigating fluid. This study aimed to evaluate such phenomenon using a rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM).A total of 20 patients undergoing TURP participated in this study. A mixture of 2.7% sorbitol-0.54% mannitol solution and 1% ethanol was used as an irrigating fluid, and fluid absorption was measured via the ethanol concentration in expired breath. The effects on coagulation were assessed by pre- and postoperative laboratory blood tests, including hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count, international normalized ratio of prothrombin time (PT-INR), activated partial thromboplastin time, electrolyte, and ROTEM.INTEM-clotting time (INTEM-CT) was significantly lengthened by 14% (P = 0.001). INTEM-α-angle was significantly decreased by 3% (P = 0.011). EXTEM-clot formation time was significantly prolonged by 18% (P = 0.008), and EXTEM-maximum clot firmness (EXTEM-MCF) was significantly decreased by 4% (P = 0.010). FIBTEM-MCF was also significantly decreased by 13% (P = 0.015). Moreover, hemoglobin (P < 0.001), hematocrit (P < 0.001), platelet counts (P < 0.001), potassium (P = 0.024), and ionized calcium (P = 0.004) were significantly decreased, while PT-INR (P = 0.001) was significantly increased after surgery. The amount of irrigating fluid absorbed was significantly associated with the weight of resected prostatic tissue (P = 0.001) and change of INTEM-CT (P < 0.001).As shown by the ROTEM analysis, the irrigating fluid absorbed during TURP impaired the blood coagulation cascade by creating a disruption in the coagulation factor activity or by lowering the coagulation factor concentration via dilution.