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The impact of gender and age matching for long-term graft survival in living donor renal transplantation.

Research paper by O J OJ Kwon, J Y JY Kwak, C M CM Kang

Indexed on: 26 Apr '05Published on: 26 Apr '05Published in: Transplantation Proceedings



Abstract

In renal transplantation, donor age and allograft size are known to have an important influence on the outcome of the graft reflecting functional renal mass. Women tend to have smaller kidneys with 17% fewer nephrons than male kidneys. The number of glomeruli per kidney as well as the mean glomerular volume closely correlate with kidney weight and negatively correlate with subject age. We evaluated the impact of gender and age matching in living-donor renal transplantation on long-term graft survival.Four groups were discerned among 614 renal transplants, according to donor and recipient gender: Group 1 was male donor to male recipient; Group 2 was male donor to female recipient; Group 3 was female donor to male recipient; and Group 4 was female donor to female recipient. We analyzed long-term graft survival and risk factors between the four groups as well as according to age matching. Statistical significance was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method and log rank test (P < .05).The graft survival rates at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years were 92.62%, 88.13%, 82.37%, and 76.07%, respectively. The risk factors affecting long-term graft survival were donor age, donor gender, acute rejection rate, and HLA-DR matching. Among the four groups, the graft survival rates of Group 3 (female donor to male recipient) were significantly different from the other groups (P = .0165). Also, the long-term graft survival rates according to age differences were significantly different between older donors than recipients and younger donors than recipients in each group (P = .0213).The importance of inadequate renal mass is magnified in high-risk recipients. Age matching could perhaps improve the results of transplantation, particularly when kidneys from older donors are used. Consideration of age and gender as criteria for the choice of donors and recipients may be considered in organ allocation.