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The impact of everolimus on renal function in maintenance liver transplantation.

Research paper by P P De Simone, A A Precisi, S S Petruccelli, E E Balzano, P P Carrai, G G Catalano, D D Campani, F F Filipponi

Indexed on: 23 May '09Published on: 23 May '09Published in: Transplantation Proceedings



Abstract

We retrospectively investigated the impact on renal function (RF) of conversion from calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) to everolimus (EVL) monotherapy in orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients. Between January 2006 and July 2007, 70 deceased donor OLT recipients including 51 men and 19 women of overall mean age of 55.9 +/- 11 years were enrolled into a program of conversion to EVL monotherapy at a mean interval of 45 +/- 35.9 months from transplantation (range, 7-192 months). The indication for conversion was deteriorating RF in 64 (91.4%). Efficacy failure was defined as the persistence of CNI, EVL discontinuation, death, graft loss, loss to follow-up, or need for dialysis at 12 months. Twelve months after switching, 53 patients (75.7%) were on EVL monotherapy. Their mean change in creatinine clearance (CrCl) from baseline (day 1 before EVL introduction) to endpoint (12 months) was 5.8 +/- 13.1 mL/min. On univariate and multivariate analyses, the clinical variable correlated with the greatest probability of improvement was the baseline CrCl (P < .0001). Conversion from CNI to EVL monotherapy was successful in 75.7% of cases with improvement in RF correlated with baseline CrCl. These data supported preemptive minimization of CNI in the posttransplant course, seeking to delay the decline in RF.