The Impact of Efficient Particle Acceleration on the Evolution of Supernova Remnants in the Sedov-Taylor Phase

Research paper by Daniel Castro, Patrick Slane, Daniel J. Patnaude, Donald C. Ellison

Indexed on: 06 Apr '11Published on: 06 Apr '11Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena


We investigate the effects of the efficient production of cosmic rays on the evolution of supernova remnants (SNRs) in the adiabatic Sedov-Taylor phase. We model the SNR by coupling the hydrodynamic evolution with nonlinear diffusive shock acceleration (DSA), and track self-consistently the ionization state of the shock-heated plasma. Using a plasma emissivity code and the results of the model, we predict the thermal X-ray emission and combine it with the non-thermal component in order to obtain the complete spectrum in this energy range. Hence, we study how the interpretation of thermal X-ray observations is affected by the efficiency of the DSA process, and find that, compared to test particle cases, the efficient DSA example yields a smaller shock radius and speed, a larger compression ratio, and lower intensity X-ray thermal emission. We also find that a model where the shock is not assumed to produce CRs can fit the X-ray observational properties of an example with efficient particle acceleration, with a different set of input parameters, and in particular a much lower explosion energy. Additionally, we model the broadband non-thermal emission, and investigate what signatures result from the acceleration of particles.