# The Geometric Theory of the Fundamental Germ

Research paper by T. M. Gendron

Indexed on: 28 Jun '05Published on: 28 Jun '05Published in: Mathematics - Differential Geometry

#### Abstract

The fundamental germ is a generalization of $\pi_{1}$, first defined for laminations which arise through group actions in math.DG/0506270. In this paper, the fundamental germ is extended to any lamination having a dense leaf admitting a smooth structure. In addition, an amplification of the fundamental germ called the mother germ is constructed, which is, unlike the fundamental germ, a topological invariant. The fundamental germs of the antenna lamination and the $PSL(2,\Z)$ lamination are calculated, laminations for which the definition in math.DG/0506270 was not available. The mother germ is used to give a proof of a Nielsen theorem for the algebraic universal cover of a closed surface of hyperbolic type.