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The genome editing toolbox: a spectrum of approaches for targeted modification.

Research paper by Joseph K JK Cheng, Hal S HS Alper

Indexed on: 11 Jul '14Published on: 11 Jul '14Published in: Current Opinion in Biotechnology



Abstract

The increase in quality, quantity, and complexity of recombinant products heavily drives the need to predictably engineer model and complex (mammalian) cell systems. However, until recently, limited tools offered the ability to precisely manipulate their genomes, thus impeding the full potential of rational cell line development processes. Targeted genome editing can combine the advances in synthetic and systems biology with current cellular hosts to further push productivity and expand the product repertoire. This review highlights recent advances in targeted genome editing techniques, discussing some of their capabilities and limitations and their potential to aid advances in pharmaceutical biotechnology.