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The Functional Copy Number Variation-67048 in WWOX Contributes to Increased Risk of COPD in Southern and Eastern Chinese.

Research paper by Lei L Yang, Fuman F Qiu, Wenxiang W Fang, Lisha L Zhang, Chenli C Xie, Xiaoxiao X Lu, Dongsheng D Huang, Yuan Y Guo, Mingan M Pan, Haibo H Zhang, Yifeng Y Zhou, Jiachun J Lu

Indexed on: 18 Dec '14Published on: 18 Dec '14Published in: COPD



Abstract

Recent studies have recognized the genetic variants in the WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) gene as genetic determinants of lung function, reflecting that the WWOX gene may be a susceptible factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which characters as poor lung function. We have previously showed that the copy number variation-67048 (CNV-67048) of WWOX was associated with lung cancer risk. Here, we hypothesized that the CNV-67048 affects COPD susceptibility. Based on a two-stage case-control study with a total of 1791 COPD patients and 1940 controls of southern and eastern Chinese, we found that the loss genotypes (0-copy and 1-copy) of CNV-67048 harbored a significantly increased risk of COPD, with an odds ratio (OR) as 1.29 (1.11-1.49) when compared with the common 2-copy genotype. The pre-forced expiratory volume in one second (pre-FEV1) to pre-forced vital capacity (pre-FVC) of carriers with loss genotypes (0.729 ± 0.130) was significantly lower than carriers with 2-copy genotype (0.747 ± 0.124; p = 7.93 × 10(-5)). However, no significant difference was observed on pre-FEV1, pre-FVC and the annual decline of pre-FEV1 between the loss genotypes and 2-copy genotype carriers. Our data suggest that the loss genotypes of CNV-67048 in WWOX predispose their carriers to COPD, which might be a genetic biomarker to predict risk of COPD in Chinese.