Indexed on: 03 Oct '18Published on: 03 Oct '18Published in: Cellular reprogramming
The forkhead box C1 (Foxc1) protein, a member of the forkhead/winged helix transcription factor family, is required in stem cell developmental processes. Recently, multiple studies have indicated the crucial role of Foxc1 in mesenchymal stem cell differentiation, but the precise effects and mechanisms on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) remain unclear. In this study, we evaluate the role of Foxc1 on the odontogenic differentiation and proliferation of DPSCs. Our results show that Foxc1 decreases time dependently in odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs. Meanwhile, overexpression of Foxc1 could significantly inhibit the mineralization of DPSCs and the expression of odontogenic-related genes, such as runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), dentin sialophosphoprote (DSPP), and dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP-1). Foxc1 overexpression does not significantly alter the proliferation of DPSCs. In addition, Foxc1 reduces the expression of p-Smad1/5, an important modulator of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)/Smad signaling pathway, inhibiting BMP/Smad signaling pathway. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that Foxc1 inhibits odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs and odontogenic-related gene expression through the BMP/Smad signaling pathway which may be useful for the dental regeneration and repair.