Indexed on: 10 Jan '19Published on: 03 Jan '19Published in: European Respiratory Journal
Respiratory infections are by far the most challenging nosocomial complications in intensive care units (ICUs) . The incidence rate of respiratory infections in ICUs has dramatically decreased over recent years, with an important component related to ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) episodes . Regarding other respiratory infections occurring in ICUs, such as ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT), pneumonia in non-ventilated patients and pneumonia developed on the ward that requires ICU admission, the information is scarcer . The complexity of infections in critical care is indicated diagrammatically in figure 1. Several years ago, the European Respiratory Society (ERS) set out to provide scientific support for key areas of respiratory diseases, by establishing the ERS Clinical Research Collaborations (CRCs) programme to build and maintain European multicentre networks of researchers, from both within and outside of the Society .