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The era of sport concussion: Evolution of knowledge, practice, and the role of psychology.

Research paper by Julie L JL Guay, Brittany M BM Lebretore, Jesse M JM Main, Katelyn E KE DeFrangesco, Jessica L JL Taylor, Sarah M SM Amedoro

Indexed on: 30 Dec '16Published on: 30 Dec '16Published in: The American psychologist



Abstract

The topic of sport concussion has gained significant prominence over the last 20 years, resulting in dramatic growth in research funding, widespread media coverage, and increased public awareness. Although the knowledge base has greatly expanded, there is still much that is unknown or controversial about the long-term effects of sports-related head injury. Because of the high stakes of mismanaging these injuries, professional sports organizations, federal/state government, and various health-related disciplines have responded with efforts to educate the public and improve treatment and management of this injury. This has resulted in changes to laws, game rules and policies, and recovery management protocols. The field of psychology has also made significant contributions to research on sports concussions, resulting in the development of new assessment and treatment protocols. This article summarizes the latest research findings on sport concussion, highlights areas that require more research before consensus can be reached, and discusses the ways that multiple disciplines within psychology (clinical, neuropsychology, school) can continue to play a critical role in enhancing patient care. (PsycINFO Database Record