Indexed on: 01 Feb '72Published on: 01 Feb '72Published in: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B
The basis of this work was the investigation of improving the tensile properties of dislocated martensites by dispersion of precipitates in the austeniteprior to the martensite transformation. Two types of precipitation-hardenable austenitic alloys were used. One is based on Fe-22 Ni-4 Mo-0.28 C where the precipitates are Mo2C and are obtained by ausforming and aging, and the other is Fe-28 Ni-2 Ti where the precipitates are the coherent fccγ’ (Ni3Ti) ordered phase obtained by ausaging. After the austenitic dispersion treatment both alloys were transformed to martensite by quenching to liquid nitrogen and the properties measured and compared to martensites obtained by conventional heat treatment (i.e. no precipitates in austenite). The results show that prior dispersions increase the strength of martensite and this is interpreted as being due to an increase in dislocation density resulting from dislocation multiplication at the particles during the γ →Ms transformation. In addition, the stabilities of the austenitic alloys are such that upon certain aging treatments, the alloys transform partially to martensite (due to precipitation) and “composite” materials are obtained whose strength depends on the volume fraction and yield strengths of the phases present.