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The effects of researcher-composed music at mealtime on agitation in nursing home residents with dementia.

Research paper by Shu-Yuan SY Ho, Hui-Ling HL Lai, Shaw-Yeu SY Jeng, Chih-Wei CW Tang, Huei-Chuan HC Sung, Pin-Wen PW Chen

Indexed on: 26 Nov '11Published on: 26 Nov '11Published in: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing



Abstract

This study examined the effects of music at mealtimes on agitation in 22 nursing home residents with dementia. We used a pretest-posttest research design. We played researcher-composed music to residents at each of two mealtimes daily over a consecutive 4-week period. We observed and recorded agitation 24 hours daily for the 4-week period and the following 2-week period. Results revealed a significant decline in mean agitation scores. A cumulative dose effect and a short-term linger effect were observed. Findings suggest that soothing music may be beneficial in managing agitation in nursing home residents with dementia.