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The effect of trimethylamine N-oxide on RNase a stability

Research paper by Fabrizia Foglia, Paola Carullo, Pompea Del Vecchio

Indexed on: 01 Oct '07Published on: 01 Oct '07Published in: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry



Abstract

The thermal stability of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease (RNase A) has been investigated in the presence of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a naturally occurring osmolyte, by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and circular dichroism (CD) measurements at neutral and acid pH conditions. It is well known that compatible osmolytes such as TMAO are effective in stabilizing protein structure and counteracting the denaturing the effect of urea and guanidinium hydrochloride (GuHCl). Calorimetric results show that TMAO stabilizes RNase A at pH 7.0 and does not stabilize the protein at pH 4.0. RNase A thermal denaturation in the presence of TMAO is a reversible two-state N ⇆ D process. We also show that TMAO counteracts the urea and GuHCl denaturing effect at neutral pH, whereas the counteracting ability is lost at acid pH.