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The effect of light and 2,4-D on anthocyanin production in Oxalis reclinata callus

Research paper by N.P. Makunga, J. van Staden, W.A. Cress

Indexed on: 01 Nov '97Published on: 01 Nov '97Published in: Plant growth regulation



Abstract

In vitro cultures of O. reclinata accumulate red anthocyanin pigments. Two callus lines were established from O. reclinata, one red and the other non-pigmented. The red callus accumulated cyanidin-3-glucoside as a major pigment. Light irradiation induced anthocyanin synthesis in white callus, resulting in a heterogenous red callus line being formed. The incubation of red and white callus cultures in the dark or at low-light resulted in the repression of red pigment accumulation. The application of 2,4-D (1.0 mg l-1) inhibited pigment production in the white callus and decreased anthocyanin accumulation in the red callus. The polypeptide composition of the red and white callus lines from O. reclinata were compared using two-dimensional electrophoresis. The red callus had a larger subset of neutral and acidic polypeptides.