Indexed on: 11 Mar '06Published on: 11 Mar '06Published in: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Horse heart cytochrome c was immobilized on four different self-assembled monolayer (SAM) films. The electron tunneling kinetics were studied in the different assemblies as a function of the ionic strength of the buffer solution using cyclic voltammetry. When cytochrome c is electrostatically immobilized, the standard electron exchange rate constant k0 decreases with the increase of the solution's ionic strength. In contrast, the protein covalently attached or ligated has a rate constant independent of the ionic strength. The inhomogeneity of electrostatically immobilized cytochrome c increases with the increase of the solution's ionic strength whereas that of the covalently attached protein is independent of the ionic strength. A comparison of these different electron-transfer behaviors suggests that the thermodynamically stable geometry of cytochrome c in the electrostatic assemblies is also an electron transfer favorable one. It suggests that the surface charges of cytochrome c are capable of guiding it into geometries in which its front surface faces the electron-transfer partner. The inhomogeneity observed in this study indicates that a distribution of cytochrome c orientations and thus a distribution of electron transfer rate constants exists.