Indexed on: 01 Sep '83Published on: 01 Sep '83Published in: Journal of Materials Science
The effect of annealing on the plane strain fracture of round-notched polycarbonate and poly(methyl methacrylate) bars has been investigated. Morphological observations of thin sections and fracture surfaces revealed that the fracture initiated from internal crazes which were nucleated at the tip of a local plastic zone. The critical hydrostatic stresses for internal craze nucleation were nearly constant regardless of annealing, while the shear yield stress increased with increasing annealing time. The reduction in toughness by annealing can be ascribed to the decrease of the maximum extent of the plastic zone which gives the critical hydrostatic stress for craze nucleation.