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The effect of cultural differences in perceptions of transactions costs on national differences in the preference for international joint ventures

Research paper by Scott A Shane

Indexed on: 01 Apr '93Published on: 01 Apr '93Published in: Asia Pacific Journal of Management



Abstract

This study presents a theoretical explanation of why the cultural trait of power distance represents greater perceptions of transaction costs and lower perceptions of governance costs across societies. It demonstrates that cultural differences in perceptions of transactions and governance costs as represented by Hofstede's (1980) power distance index explain national differences in the preference for international joint ventures after market size, government limitations on sole ownership and uncertainty avoidance have been controlled. The study concludes that cultural differences in transaction costs provide an important extension to the transaction costs theory of joint ventures.