The effect of cilostazol, a cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, on heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor expression in macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells.

Research paper by Y Y Kayanoki, W W Che, S S Kawata, Y Y Matsuzawa, S S Higashiyama, N N Taniguchi

Indexed on: 23 Sep '97Published on: 23 Sep '97Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications


Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a mitogen for smooth muscle cells (SMC) and is detected in SMC and macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques, suggesting that HB-EGF may be associated with the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The present study indicates that cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, suppresses the expression of HB-EGF in rat aortic SMC and in U-937 cells, a macrophage-like cell line, stimulated by lipopolysaccharide. Further, cilostazol diminished the induction of HB-EGF mRNA by methylglyoxsal, which is a reactive dicarbonyl metabolite produced as the result of a glycation reaction and which might be associated with macroangiopathy caused by hyperglycemia. Cilostazol suppressed the production of HB-EGF protein in the conditioned medium of SMC. These data suggest that cilostazol might act by suppressing the progression of atherogenesis by means of suppressing the expression of HB-EGF in SMC and macrophages.