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The effect of chain extenders structure on properties of new polyurethane elastomers

Research paper by Stefan Oprea

Indexed on: 09 Jan '10Published on: 09 Jan '10Published in: Polymer Bulletin



Abstract

Two series of polyurethane elastomers were synthesized to investigate what effect does the incorporation of various new chain extenders have on the mechanical and thermal properties of polyurethane elastomers. The polyurethane soft segments were based on poly(ε-caprolactone) polyol. The hard segment was based on 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate in combination with 2,5-dimethyl-3-hexine-2,5-diol (DHD), hexaethylene glycol, glycerin, or castor oil. The results showed that the degradation rate and mechanical properties of the final products can be controlled through the structure of diol chain extenders or/and hard segment cross-linking present in the polyurethane elastomers. The DHD-based polyurethane displayed a relatively low glass transition temperature of −57 °C and a tensile strength of 11–14 MPa and elongation at break of 600–700%. These kinds of materials have potential application in many domains.