Indexed on: 22 Aug '20Published on: 21 Aug '20Published in: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis
The importance of exercise in the management of people with CF is well recognised, yet the effect of exercise on lung function is not well understood. FEV is insensitive to the detection of small changes in lung function. Ventilation MRI and LCI are both more sensitive to mild lung disease than FEV and may be better suited to assess the effects of exercise. Here we assessed the short-term effects of maximal exercise on the distribution of ventilation using ventilation MRI and LCI. Patients with CF and a range of lung disease were assessed. Baseline LCI and ventilation MRI was followed by a maximal cardio-pulmonary exercise test (CPET). Repeated ventilation MRI was performed within 30 minutes of exercise termination, followed by LCI and finally by FEV. 13 patients were recruited and completed all assessments. Mean (SD) age was 25 (10) years and mean (SD) FEV z-score was -1.8 (1.7). Mean LCI at baseline was 8.2, mean ventilation defect percentage on MRI (VDP) was 7.3%. All patients performed maximal CPET. Post-exercise, there was a visible change in lung ventilation in 85% of patients, including two patients with increased ventilation heterogeneity post-CPET who had normal FEV. VDP and LCI were significantly reduced post-exercise (p < 0.05) and 45% of patients had a significant change in VDP. Acute maximal exercise directly affects the distribution of ventilation on ventilation MRI in patients with CF. This suggests that exercise is beneficial in CF and that ventilation MRI is suitable to assess airway clearance efficacy. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.