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The deoxyribose phosphate lyase of DNA polymerase β suppresses a processive DNA synthesis to prevent trinucleotide repeat instability.

Research paper by Yanhao Y Lai, Yossi Y Weizmann, Yuan Y Liu

Indexed on: 08 Aug '18Published on: 08 Aug '18Published in: Nucleic acids research



Abstract

Trinucleotide repeat (TNR) instability is associated with over 42 neurodegenerative diseases and cancer, for which the molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. We have shown that the DNA base excision repair (BER) pathway and its central component, DNA polymerase β (pol β), in particular, its polymerase activity plays an active role in regulating somatic TNR instability. Herein, we revealed a unique role of the pol β dRP lyase in preventing somatic TNR instability. We found that deficiency of pol β deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) lyase activity locked the pol β dRP lyase domain to a dRP group, and this 'tethered' pol β to its template forcing the polymerase to perform a processive DNA synthesis. This subsequently promoted DNA strand slippage allowing pol β to skip over a template loop and causing TNR deletion. We showed that the effects were eliminated by complementation of the dRP lyase deficiency with wild-type pol β protein. The results indicate that pol β dRP lyase activity restrained the pol β-dRP interaction to suppress a pol β processive DNA synthesis, thereby preventing TNR deletion. This further implicates a potential of pol β dRP lyase inhibition as a novel treatment of TNR-expansion diseases.