Indexed on: 02 Jun '17Published on: 02 Jun '17Published in: Nature communications
Data from clinical research and our previous study have suggested the potential involvement of SENP1, the major protease of post-translational SUMOylation, in cardiovascular disorders. Here, we investigate the role of SENP1-mediated SUMOylation in graft arteriosclerosis (GA), the major cause of allograft failure. We observe an endothelial-specific induction of SENP1 and GATA2 in clinical graft rejection specimens that show endothelial activation-mediated vascular remodelling. In mouse aorta transplantation GA models, endothelial-specific SENP1 knockout grafts demonstrate limited neointima formation with attenuated leukocyte recruitment, resulting from diminished induction of adhesion molecules in the graft endothelium due to increased GATA2 SUMOylation. Mechanistically, inflammation-induced SENP1 promotes the deSUMOylation of GATA2 and IκBα in endothelial cells, resulting in increased GATA2 stability, promoter-binding capability and NF-κB activity, which leads to augmented endothelial activation and inflammation. Therefore, upon inflammation, endothelial SENP1-mediated SUMOylation drives GA by regulating the synergistic effect of GATA2 and NF-κB and consequent endothelial dysfunction.